The background information of the island of madagascar

The people in this territory face many problems including poor health care, a poor educational system, economic problems and malnutrition.

Litchel — is an aperitif made from pain apple and lychees. Rafohy and Rangitathe two founding queens of the Merina royalty, were also called Vazimbas.

Although the voyage from Indonesia is by far the longer, the ethnic make-up of the island's population, known collectively as the Malagasy, is as much Indonesian as African. The animals of Madagascar found plentiful foodstuffs, and an almost total lack of predators.

Beginning in the early 20th century, most of the island was ruled and united as the Kingdom of Madagascar. To the extreme north the plateau is bordered by the low belt of the Ambohitra Mountains, which include a series of volcanic craters. Then, inhe abruptly changes tack. In the ensuing two-hundred years, the English and French tried and failed to establish settlements on the island.

Etymology The island of Madagascar is called Madagasikara in the Malagasy language. Feudal era — [ edit ] Radama I, the first monarch of the kingdom unified central Madagascar. The island continued to be ruled by a succession of Merina monarchs until the last of them, Ranavalona IIIwas deposed and exiled to Algeria by French forces who conquered and colonized the island in Lemurs have been characterized as "Madagascar's flagship mammal species" by Conservation International.

Primary school fees were eliminated and kits containing basic school supplies were distributed to primary students in this country.

History of Madagascar

Madagascar's highest peaks rise from three prominent highland massifs: Britain was in fact far more involved with the indigenous kingdom and was in the process of proclaiming a protectorate when the British were out maneuvered as they were also in South West Africa by the French, who then proceeded to suppress all opposition ruthlessly.

Rise of the great kingdoms[ edit ] Those new immigrants of the Middle Ages were a minority in numbers, yet their cultural contributions, political and technological to the neo-Vazimba and neo-Vezo world substantially altered their society and is the cause of the major upheavals of the sixteenth that led to the Malagasy feudal era.

They overpowered their neighbors, the Antankarana and Tsimihetyand even raided the Comoro Islands.


They deprived Europe-bound ships of their silks, cloth, spices, and jewels. Most of people in Madagascar are Christian. There is evidence that Bantu or Swahili sailors or traders may have begun sailing to the western shores of Madagascar as early as around the 6th and 7th century.

But within Madagascar the situation is not so simple.

Madagascar: background

The incoming junta of officers selects Lieutenant Commander Didier Ratsiraka as president and head of a revolutionary council, which succeeds in maintaining control. The majority of the population adheres to Christianity, traditional beliefs or an amalgamation of both.

In addition to the tradition of lamba production weaving and silk, the weaving of reaffia and other local different plant materials has been used to create a different array of practical items such as baskets, purses floor mats, and hats.

He is succeeded on the throne by his queen, Ranavalona, who reverses all his policies. Rafandrana, an ancestor of the Merina royal dynasty, for example, is known to have been a Vazimba. The governor of Mauritius also sent military advisers who accompanied and sometimes led Merina soldiers in their battles against the Sakalava and Betsimisaraka.

European contact began on 10 Augustwhen the Portuguese sea captain Diogo Dias sighted the island after his ship separated from a fleet going to India.Atsquare kilometres (, sq mi), Madagascar is the world's 47th largest country and the fourth-largest island.

The country lies mostly between latitudes 12°S and 26°S, and longitudes 43°E and 51°E.

Interesting Facts About Madagascar

Neighboring islands include the French territory of Réunion and the country of Mauritius to the east, as well as the state of Comoros and the French territory of Mayotte to the Government: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic. Madagascar, island country lying off the southeastern coast of Africa.

Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo. Indonesians are believed to have migrated to the island about King Andrianampoinimerina (–) ruled the major kingdom on the island, and his son, Radama I (–), unified much of the island.

The French made the island a protectorate inand then, in –, ended the monarchy, exiling Queen. Madagascar (/ ˌ m æ d ə ˈ ɡ æ s k ər /; Malagasy: Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

Madagascar (/ ˌ m æ d ə ˈ ɡ æ s k ər /; Malagasy: Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara Malagasy pronunciation: [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East agronumericus.comment: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic.

The history of Madagascar is distinguished clearly by the early isolation of the landmass from the ancient supercontinent containing Africa and India, and by the island's late colonization by human settlers arriving in outrigger canoes from the Sunda islands between BC and AD.

The background information of the island of madagascar
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