The Presidency of Bengal was divided into twenty divisions. Wellesley had decisively defeated Tipu in and gained control, direct and indirect, over most of southern India.
The Indians were paid less salaries in comparison to their European Counterparts. He imposed duty on Opium cultivated in Malwa. The arrival of Lord Macaulay as law member strengthened the hands of those who stood for the expenditure of money on English Education.
When Cornwallis reached Ghazipur on 27 September, he was too ill to proceed further, and he died there a week later, on 5 October His economies measures were extensive and severe.
Bentinck also made English, instead of Persian, the language of the higher courts and of higher education and arranged for financial aid to colleges, which were to be adapted to the Western models.
But in Late s, there was a civil insurrection in Mysore. The British permitted it initially but the practice of Sati was first formally banned in city of Calcutta inbut it continued in the surrounding areas.
European Judges were given the power to refer a case to a Panchayat of the Indians and the latter was to make enquiries regarding the matter in question and send a report to the judge.
Bentinck showed great courage and humanity by his decision to abolish suttee satithe Hindu custom of burning widows alive with the corpses of their husbands. This, however, was not the only troubling issue. Cornwallis began implementing the regulations in The Commissioner also decided the cases which were previously dealt by the judges of the courts of appeal and circuit in the provinces.
Another measure of retrenchment affected by Bentinck concerned the judicial structure set up by the company. The Mahrattan military leaders, Purseram Bhow and Hurry Punt, had to be bribed to stay with the army, and Cornwallis reported the Hyderabadi forces to be more of a hindrance than a help; one British observer wrote that they were a "disorderly rabble" and "not very creditable to the state of military discipline at Hyderabad.
A commissioner was appointed over each division. The British government would never have supported such a plan; in fact, it intended eventually to restore Austrian rule in Italy. Bentick changed the route of the trade from Karachi to Bombay which gave the company a share in the profits in the form of duties.
In place of the Provincial courts of appeal and Circuit, the Commissioners of Revenue and Circuit were appointed to do this job. The land revenue settlement of North Western Provinces also yielded more revenue.
Her relationship with Bentinck can be summed up in the nickname that she gave him: Call us, and we will hasten to you, and then, our forces joined, will effect that Italy may become what in the best times she was".
It was provided in that principal Sadar Amins were to be appointed by the Governor-General in-Council. They were known as Munsifs. How and when the practice originated is hidden in obscurity but its long tradition and reference to if found in ancient books gave it the colour of a religious ceremony.
In the proposal was sent to London, where the company directors approved the plan in Previous governors-general had shrunk from prohibiting the custom as an interference in religion and one particularly likely to upset the Indian army, but Bentinck cut through these hesitations without facing much open opposition.
The civil and criminal appeals were heared in this court. They were also given the duty of supervising the Collectors of Revenue and the police within their areas. Toward the end of his career, he had lost the impetuosity that had characterized his earlier years in Sicily and the tactlessness that had appeared when he first held office in Madras.
On one side there was the fear of death on the other-side there was the fear of the society. He imposed duty on Opium cultivated in Malwa.
He attempted to reserve for his own use the Government Housewhich was normally reserved for the governor-general. This step of Bentick also increased the revenue of the company.
In suppression of Thugs, along with William Bentinck, one more name is cherished. Charter Act of had provided one lac of rupees annually for the revival and promotion of education in India. Abolition of Sati in The Practice of Sati was first banned in Goa in by the Portuguese, but it was not that much prevalent there.
From onwards, it was Raja Rammohan Roy, who started his own campaign against the Sati practice.Lord William Bentinck played a very important role even with regard to the judicial reforms in India.
In the work of judicial reforms, Bentinck was assisted by Bentinck Butterworth, Bayley and Holt Mackenzie. InBentinck abolished the Provincial Courts of Appeal and Circuit. Lord Cornwallis was a British army officer, civil administrator, and diplomat. His career was primarily military in nature, including a series of well-known campaigns during the War of American Independence from to that culminated in his surrender at Yorktown.
Following his return to England in he was prevented by his parole from further participation in the war, and financial.
"Judicial Reforms Of Lord William Bentinck" Essays and Research Papers Judicial Reforms Of Lord William Bentinck Lord Cornwallis assumed the role of Governor-General of the Company in and continued till The governor generalship of Lord William Bentinck, from July to March was an So Lord Bentinck again forcefully argued for this cause.
This time Lord Bentinck succeeded. JUDICIAL REFORMS OF LORD BENTINCK Abolition of circuit courts. Lord William Bentinck played a very important role even with regard to the judicial reforms in India. In the work of judicial reforms, Bentinck was assisted by Bentinck Butterworth, Bayley and Holt Mackenzie.
Judicial Reforms of William Bentinck At the time of Lord Cornwallis, the provinces of Bihar, Bengal & Orissa were divided into 4 divisions. In each of these divisions a Circuit court was established.Download